Using Team Games Tournaments
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Using Team Games Tournaments

John Sacco

Target age or ability group: All.
Class time required: 25 minutes to full period.
Materials and equipment: Per competing table:

1. deck of cards, numbered 1-30. Cut colored 3x5 index cards into thirds to keep materials separate

2. laminated sheet of rules (see next page)

3. score sheet with names of competing members on each table

Summary of activity: Team Games Tournaments are a cooperative learning strategy developed at Johns Hopkins University. It can be used as an assessment alternative and/or as a review technique.

Teacher instructions:

1. Structure initial team composition by identifying the highest- and lowest-performing students in class. (Identify as many of each as there are teams.) The best number for a team is five. (A class of 29 would have five teams of five and one of four.)

2. Place one high- and one low-performing student on each team. Fairly distribute the remaining "middle" students.

3. On the day you announce the initial teams, you may wish to do a team-building activity. One students enjoy is choosing a name (put some limits on this) and designing a sign or crest to post around the classroom. This helps them "buy into" the project.

4. Make tournament score sheets by placing equal-performing students (according to game scores) from different teams on the same competing "table." Place four per table optimally, then make tables of three or two.

5. After teams decide who is first, slip answers under the rule sheet and hand the first reader the questions.

6. Players may repeat the same question sheets (should know them all now!) or have several different sheets for them to do as a unit review.

7. Tournament scores are recorded on a grade book-like sheet divided up by teams. Announce the winners after each round, post the names or Polaroid picture for the week, or award a small treat or privilege. Besides using the scores as alternatives to written tests, you could:

  • give bonus points to winners

  • give bonus points to anyone improving a score

  • use as an additional test score at end of grading period (high team gets 100, etc.).

8. Change team members as in Step 1 above each grading period. This prevents the same team winning every period and a whole host of other problems. (For example, you can put two people that can't play together on the same team so they'll never compete.)

TGT SCORE SHEET
Table ______    Round _______    Date _______    Per _______   
PlayerTeam Name
Game 1
Game 2
Game 3
Total
Tourn-
ament
Score





























TGT - Team Games Tournament

Rules

1. Each player chooses a card from the stack. The one with the highest card begins. Return cards to stack and shuffle.

2. The first person should draw a card from the top of the stack and turn over on the table. Read the question out loud. (This original "reader" gives an answer with no penalty!).

3. Play goes in clockwise direction. Each successive person in order may only say either "PASS" (and give no answer) or "CHALLENGE." A challenge is made if incorrect answers have been given so far.

4. After last person passes or challenges, check the answer on the answer sheet.

5. To score: first correct player gets the card; each incorrect person who is challenged returns a card to the bottom of the stack. (An incorrect reader loses no point!)

6. The next play continues with question sheet moving clockwise.

7. When card stack is empty, record number of cards each player earned under "Game" column of score sheet. Shuffle stack and play until time is called or question sheet is changed.

8. At end of tournament, add total of cards earned for all games and find Tournament Points below.

Tournament Points

For a Four-Player Game:
Player
No Tie
Tie for Top
Tie for Middle
Tie for Last
Tie Top/
LAST
3-Way Tie Top
3-Way Tie LAST
4-Way Tie
First
60
50
60
60
50
50
60
40
Second
40
50
40
40
50
50
30
40
Third
30
30
40
30
30
50
30
40
Fourth
20
20
20
30
30
20
30
40

For a Three-Player Game: For a Two-Player Game:
Player
No Ties
Tie Top
Tie Last
3-way Tie
Player
No Tie
Tie
First
60
50
50
40
First
60
40
Second
40
50
30
40
Second
20
40
Third
20
20
30
40
Adapted from Johns Hopkins University Center for Cooperative Learning.


AP TGT: Evolution and Natural Selection
1. Name two main sources of variation for evolution. 2. Term for situation where disaster leaves small population with particular trait. 3. Person who wrote about evolution of individuals.
4. List four of the five concepts of natural selection. 5. "Ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny" means what? 6. List five most important types of evidence for evolution.
7. 25% of population is homozygous dominant. What percentage is homozygous recessive? 8. Our "modern synthesis" of natural selection adds this component to Darwin's concepts. 9. New species arises in midst of parent population.
10. The human coccyx is an example of this. 11. Name three properties of a Hardy-Weinberg "ideal population." 12. Give a clear example of human polymorphisms.
13. In the Batesian form of this, a harmless organism may have harmful qualities. 14. Pattern of speciation in which a species branches into others. 15. Name a specific post-zygotic barrier.
16. A woman saying "I wouldn't touch him if he were the last man on earth!" best describes which reproductive barrier? 17. This mode of selection favors extreme morphs on both ends. 18. What is the basis of the "Eve Hypothesis"?
19. Bobby dates his cousin as a biology project, but finds out "relative dating" really is supposed to use these. 20. Which barrier is the kind where a sperm and egg just can't find each other? 21. This change in the earth is linked with Australian uniqueness.
22. Name of chart which shows relationships of species to each other. 23. This mode of selections favors the "average Joe." 24. Name five conditions of the early earth.
25. When organisms die their L-amino acids slowly "flip" to D form. This molecular clock is called? 26. A population "fans out" to new environments and produces many new species. 27. Pattern of speciation where a species evolves into a new form.
28. How Hardy and Weinberg represent heterozygotes. 29. Person who said that population growth will outstrip food supply. 30. This geologist authored Principles of Geology about uniformitarianism.


ANSWERS
AP TGT: Evolution and Natural Selection
1. recombination, mutations 16. behavioral
2. bottleneck17. disruptive or diversifying
3. Lamarck18. first African woman passed on all mitochondria for humans
4 overproduction; population stable; struggle for life; individuals vary; suitable variability persist 19. index fossil
5. development of individual reflects evolution of species 20. gametic
6. fossils; embryology; taxonomy; homologies (anatomy); vestigial organs; molecular biology 21. Pangaea (continental drift)
7. 25 percent22. phylogenetic tree
8. genetics/population genetics 23. stabilizing
9. sympatric24. low O2; UV; volcanic; lightning; meteors; CH4, NH3, H2 gases
10. vestigial structure 25. racemization
11. large; random mating; no mutation, natural 26. adaptive radiation (divergence) selection, or migration (isolation)
12. (check with teacher if not sure) 27. anagenesis
13. mimicry28. 2 pq
14. cladogenesis29. Thomas Malthus
15. hybrid inviability or sterility 30. Lyell


Bio I TGT Gamesheet - Evolution: Evidence and Theory
1. Method of dating once-living things. 2. Name the three concepts of Lamarck. 3. The major difference between Lamarck's and Darwin's concepts.
4. Oyster produces up to 20 million eggs at a time refers to this concept of natural selection. 5. The other person who came up with natural selection from similar observations. 6. Name four types of scientific evidence of evolution.
7. Name of book Darwin published about natural selection. 8. Name three ways that fossils are preserved. 9. The appendix is an example of this.
10. Many species evolving from a common ancestor because they moved into different environments. 11. A certain insect and flower "match" each other's changes over a long time. 12. If two similar species cannot mate because they don't meet each other.
13. If unrelated species (dolphin and shark) have very similar structures because they are in similar environments. 14. The two important evolutionary factors (from the video). 15. Why are some children born with tails?
16. What causes new variations to come about? 17. The approximate age of the earth. 18. How was the early earth different from now?
19. (T/F) Modern evolution theory said we come from apes. 20. Name the ship on which Darwin spent five years collecting evidence. 21. A more accurate way to state "survival of fittest."
22. What is difference between artificial and natural selection? 23. Term for two species becoming more different over time. 24. If two frogs don't want to breed at the same time (term).
25. Give clear example that disproves Lamarck's concepts. 26. According to natural selection, which organisms will pass on traits? 27. Name a way human embryos are like other embryos.
28. A bat wing, arm, and whale flipper all have same bones relates to this concept. 29. The approximate time life has been on earth. 30. Who said that "an organism changes to fit the environment" ?



ANSWERS
Bio I TGT Gamesheet - Evolution: Evidence and Theory
1. carbon 1416. mutation, genetic recombination
2. need, use and disuse, inheritance of acquired characteristics 17. 4.5 billion years
3. Lamarck believed an organism can change during its lifetime if it "needed" to 18. no oxygen, hot, volcanic, lightning, more UV
4 overproduction19. False
5. A.R. Wallace20. HMS Beagle
6. fossils, homologous structures, vestigial structures, biochemistry, breeding, diversity of life on earth 21. elimination of unfit
7. Origin of the Species (by Means of Natural Selection) 22. man "forces" artificial (dogs)
8. rock sediments, ice, tar, amber 23. divergent evolution
9. vestigial structure 24. reproductive isolation
10. adaptive radiation 25. (check with teacher if not sure)
11. coevolution26. surviving organisms
12. reproductive isolation 27. have tail, "gill slits," start as ball of cells, etc.
13. convergent evolution 28. homologous structures
14. time and death to make room for new life 29. 3.5 billion
15. ancient genes that should be "off" are expressed 30. Lamarck

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