How To Get A's Chapter 1
: Beginning science students rarely study enough to master the subject.
You can no longer obtain good grades by simply going to class.
From now on you must memorize more by using frequent, but shorter
are the result of effort
and good study techniques
Meaning of definition
: 1. The competition gets tougher in the higher level science classes.
( effort) 2. Consistent effort is half of the secret to doing well.
(Study daily) Never allow yourself to fall behind.
(Learn techniques) 3. Reliable study techniques comprise the second half.
(Homework = at home) 4. Studying, generally means outside of class time
(Hand-in work ~25%) 5. Homework that you hand-in should be about 25% of your study time, NOT
100% of it.
(Study nightly) homework, work on sample problems and read the essays, study guides and
supplemental workbooks. Try studying every night. You might find that some
of the chapters are a lot more interesting than TV.
- Always do
studying. When you have no assigned
(20 on, 20 off) 2. Never study one subject for very long. Twenty minutes on and twenty
minutes off works well. Take a break. Cramming does not work for long term memory
Do you want to learn for the test or for your career?
Careers are for a lifetime!
- Reading - If possible, it's best to buy the book and
mark in it.
Build a home library.
the material first to get an overview, then read it.
(What's this section about?) Copy the headings that are in
(KNOW THE MAIN IDEA)
the text and make notes in the margin.
(Add to class notes) As you read,
to your class notes.
Read with your notebook open and polish your notes
improving on them.
Learn the new vocabulary.
(Flash cards work) Flash cards help
Read the summaries and
all of them.
the chapter quickly - ask yourself if you
understand each section completely. If not,
(Write down queries)
write down a question
and ask it in class.
You learn by writing out a question, and finding a
legitimate answer. (Not by asking it.)
(Summarize in writing) Summarize each page or section in your own words. Add
this summary to your notes.
(Read questions) Try to answer the questions at the end of the chapters.
They are excellent questions for 2 people to ask each
(Friends teach) Talk to your friends - you learn and remember by interacting
with them. Form a review group.
(Pictures help) Study the diagrams and pictures. Read the
. What was the meaning of each picture, graph or table?
(Notes are GOLD
) 4. Take notes for
day of class.
(Obtain all notes) If you miss a day of class, get the notes from your lab
partner or friend.
(Passive is poor)
Be mentally active
, get silently involved; passive people miss facts and
the total picture.
(Think in class) Think as you write
- don't be concerned with the
(Don't goof off) social scene. A class that horses around will
(Don't doodle) take the same type of tests as a serious class. Which
one will get the better grades?
(Stay alert) Focus
! What is the point; where is this lecture going?
(Guess ahead) Anticipate
! What comes next? What is the teacher going to say next?
(Outline) Take notes in
(Shorthand, symbols) Abbreviate long words or repetitive phrases.
Always make a key for the abbreviations.
(Write lots) Write down everything on the
Write down some notes to help explain what you
(Notes last forever) copied from the board. You need to understand your notes two years from now
(Write fast) Write fast.
(Add to class notes)
to add to them when you read the book
Paper is cheap!
(Recopy) Recopy your notes for the day, if they are not clear.
your notes before tests. This is the number one technique for raising your
(Understand notes) Try to
(Predict for exams) 5. Predict exam questions. What questions would you ask
if you were tutoring your best friend?
(Analyze notes) Examine your notes; look for similarities & differences.
(Use practice tests)
- Look for reasons that explain why.
- Look for a complete picture.
- Look for an explanation in
your own words
exams at home. Time them to assure that you are working at the proper speed.
(Lab notes) 6. Labs - take notes on the tips given at the beginning of the lab.
There will often be hints that mean little before the lab, but after you have
finished, they will make
(What's the point of the lab?) sense. Write them down and write fast. Ask yourself what concepts the lab
attempts to convey?
(Learn by doing) 7. Mimic simple problems to solve complex ones.
(Acronyms) 8. For some memory work it helps to make-up an
- Look for examples in the text.
- Look for examples in the study guide.
- Look for examples in the work sheets.
- Look for examples in your class notes.
or a sentence using part of the memory work.
ex.) SIGN = S
(Study alone) 9. Study by yourself. Learning is an individual activity, but you will
learn faster by interacting with others. Therefore discuss the material with
others in your review group, but memorize on your own
(Proper atmosphere) 10. Where you study will influence how you study and how effectively that
time will be spent.
Study in a place with no distractions.
Do not study in front of the TV.
If you like music, it should low and without lyrics.
Always have a comfortable seat and adequate light.
This is Chapter 1 from Getting Started in Chemistry: An Expanded Synopsis with Worksheets
by Darvin DeShazer and
Charles Buff. Copyright 1993. The privilege to copy for face-to-face teaching situations
is granted to educators.
Copies of the booklet are $8.00 including free shipping.
Darvin DeShazer, 406 Pleasant Hill Rd., Sebastopol, CA 95472
(707) 829-0596, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org