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By: Joe Schnierlein (AEJSchnier@aol.com)

Type of entry : This is a project, that can be done either in the classroom or on their own.

Type of activity: community outreach, and individual research.

Target Audience : Primarily high school biology students, but I have had former students who are now
teaching in elementary and middle schools modify this for use in their classes. I also use a modification of
this activity in the marine biology courses I teach in high school as well as at Norwalk Community and Technical college.

Background Information : Consistently, the most difficult part of preparing the students to do this activity is emphasizing the use of up-to-date books, magazines and journals. On numerous occasions I have had students select a person who they thought was alive, only to find out that the person had been dead for several years. If a student has access to on-line services, or a good library, research should not be a problem, unless the person or animal selected is obscure.

By: Joseph E. Schnierlein
Brien McMahon H.S.
Norwalk, CT. 06854
A Scientist

This is to be a biography of a predetermined scientist. It is due two weeks before the marking period closes which is _____________. Anyone turning in a project late will have 10 points deducted for each day it is late. The projects will be collected in the beginning of each class. Anything turned in after the initial collection will be deemed late. Use 8.5" x 11" paper.
Each report is to include:
a) name of scientis t
b) place and date of birth
c) occupation of scientist's parents
d) education, where and how much
e) people who influenced, or associated with the scientist
f) major scientific work - if the scientist did a lot, you combine F & G
g) other scientific work
h) occupation of the scientist - what did (s)he do to earn income
I) family of the scientist (his/hers wife/husband and children)
J) travels , when, where, and why
K) where and when he or she died .If still alive, you must state so.
l) bibliography (author, title, publisher, date and place of publication)
m) Citations or footnotes ( state author and page)
n) 5 resources , all can be encyclopedias, but this is not recommended.

A minimum grade of a "B" will be given for turning in all information. Six (6) points will be deducted for each of the above 14 listed items that are missing. An "A" will be earned by doing more than the minimum. Neatness will count-- An "Incomplete" will be given if it cannot easily be read, and the entire project must be recopied until it can be read. For anything beyond 4 typo errors on each page, one point will be deducted for each error. Caution: use only recent resources as some of the people may have died, or been proven wrong since the publications of older articles. It is your responsibility to provide up-to-date information.
I strongly recommend turning your project in ahead of time as it can be graded and turned in again with corrections. Projects turned in for early correction must be turned in no later than one week before the due date if you wish to get them back in time to correct errors.
Recommended sources: encyclopedias, New York Times magazine sections and daily publications, National Geographic, Smithsonian, Natural History, Science, Scientific American, NOVA, or educational channel.
PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE!!! Spend your energy researching and writing, not adding cut-and-paste pictures or making fancy covers.

H. Amperé Thom. Aquinas, Aristotle J. Audubon, Herman Muller,
Frances Bacon, Alex. Bell* Claude Bernard, Alf. Binet, T.H. Morgan
Jacob Bronowski, Niels Bohr, Rbt. Boyle, W. von Braun, Louis Pasteur
Tydio Brahe, G. W. Carver, Frank Craighead, John Craighead, Linus Pauling
N. Copernicus, Jacque Cousteau, Frances Crick, Marie Curie, Pavlov
Thom. Dalton, John Dalton, L. DaVinci, C. Drew, Joe Priestly
E. Dubois, T. Edison,* A Einstein,* Eric Erickson, Jonas Salk
M. Faraday, Enrico Fermi, Sigmund Freud, Ben Franklin,* Dixie Lee Ray
Karl von Fritsch, Alexander Fleming, Karl Gauss, Gallileo, E. Rutherford
Jane Goodal, Stephen Gould, Edmond Halley, Wm. Harvey, B.F. Skinner
W. Heisenberg, Robt. Hooke, J. van Helmont, Edwin Hubble, Alf. Wallace
T.H. Huxley, James Hutton, Henry James, Edward Jenner, Wm. Shockely
Johannes Kepler, Robt. Koch, Anton Leeuwenhoek, Alf. Nobel, Wilbur Wright
Louis Leakey, Mary Leakey, Richard Leakey, Max Planck, Alfred Wegener
C. Linneaus, Margaret Mead, Barbara McClintock, I. Newton, Orville Wright
G. Mendel, D. Mendeleleev, James C. Maxwell, S.L. Miller, a Hot Zone scientist

An Animal

To do this report, you must select one wild species of animal to write about. The report is due __/__/__, and is worth ___________ (consult syllabus). Thereafter, each day of school it is late, one letter grade per day will be deducted. Plan on getting the project done a week ahead of time so it will not be late for any reason. No excuses will be accepted as you have most of the marking period to complete the project. YOU MUST USE WILD ANIMALS. (North American species are recommended as they will be easier to find).
You must include #1-14 below in the report. The highest grade you will earn for including all of these items will be a "B", as this is the minimum you must do. If you want an "A", you must do more than the minimum expected. Neatness, spelling, and grammar count. Please be sure you have selected a specific species, not a group of animals. For example, you may research the gray whale, but not whales.

1. Conception of the animal - internal or external fertilization, and where does it occur.
2. Gestation period - how long from conception to birth and how and where is the embryo cared for.
3. Birth - how it is born, when (season), where and its physical state at birth, ie. hairless, helpless, strong, weak, blind.
4. Maturation - how long and what changes does it go through from the time of birth until it is an adult.
5. Adulthood - at what age can it reproduce, and what are its physical characteristics.
6. Territoriality - the size of the area it needs to survive, its needs and seasonal changes.
7. Aggression - how does it defend its territory, its mate, its mood, its offspring? Do they kill their own species? Do they fight?
8. Mating behavior - physical changes (color), dances, displays, seasons used in selecting a mate.
9. Feeding behavior - how much food, types of food, and when do they eat? How do they eat?
10. Disease or parasites - name and describe 3 diseases or parasites that affect the animal.
11. Death - average life expectancy and major cause of death.
12. 5 resources. These are books and periodicals. Only one can be an encyclopedia. A one-hour TV special may be used. The majority of resources must be under 10 years old.
13. Bibliography - stating author, title, where and when published. List publications in alphabetical order.
14. Citations or footnotes - citations are placed immediately after quoted information, footnotes may be placed at the bottom of the page or on a separate sheet. If the same information is found in 3 or more resources, citations or footnotes are not needed.

For any of the above required information that is missing, six (6) points will be deducted from the minimum grade of 85. Anyone wishing to get an "A" must have all of the above and show obvious extra effort in one or more of the 11 informational areas. Submit the project on 8.5" x 11" paper. PLEASE, PLEASE, PLEASE - No cut and paste pictures or fancy covers. Use your energy for research and writing.

Some animals :
ant eater boa constrictor California condor deer mouse black bear
blue whale beluga whale gray whale robin great white shark
pilot whale humpbacked whale bottlenosed dolphin mute swan killer whale
harbor seal mountain lion musk ox Canada geese muskrat
white tailed deer antelope mountain goat mallard duck pronghorn
walrus elephant seal cormorant arctic wolf opossum
bald eagle golden eagle osprey gray wolf elk
herring gull laughing gull copperhead polar bear American alligator
garter snake long-tailed weasel king cobra hammerhead shark lynx
fisher mink wolverine grizzly bear moose
ocelot kingfisher blue fish sea otter river otter
striped bass black fish wolf fish red wolf eastern gray squirrel
armadillo bobcat porcupine big-horn sheep great horned owl
manatee barn swallow striped skunk red squirrel meadow vole
Florida panther snowy egret great blue heron crocodile coral snake
glossy ibis mountain sheep porcupine brown recluse tarantula
caribou moose African elephant black widow blue fish
red fox gray fox arctic fox manatee white-footed mouse
black-footed ferret eastern mole mule deer woodchuck beaver

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