Separation and Analysis of a Mixture Using liquid Chromatography
by Ernie Nicol
PURPOSE: To isolate and compare dyes from two brands of grape soda.
3 ml syringe
50 ml distilled water
50 ml 30% methanol
6 small test tubes
50 ml 100 % methanol
3 100-ml beakers
Various brands of grape soda and / or Kool Aid
PREPARATION OF THE SEP-PAK (wetting the bed)
You will use a small syringe as a pump to pass various liquids through the SEP- PAK. When filling the syringe always remove the SEP-PAK. Draw the proper amount of liquid into the syringe and then reattach by inserting the syringe into the shorter of the two tubes extending from the SEP-PAK.
Pump 2ml of 100% methanol through the SEP-PAK.
Pump 10 ml of distilled water through the SEP-PAK.
ADDING THE SAMPLE
Pump 2 ml of grape soda into the SEP-PAK and collect the clear
liquid in a small test tube.
ELUTION OF THE DYES
The dyes that are stuck to the SEP-PAK can now be removed using the proper solvent.
Pump 3 ml of 30% methanol through the SEP-PAK and collect the red dye in a small test tube. If some red dye still remains on the column use additional 30% methanol until it has all been removed.
Pump 3 ml of 100 % methanol through the SEP-PAK and collect the blue dye in a small test tube. If some blue dye remains flush with 100% methanol until clean. The SEP-PAK can be reused.
If you wish to compare dyes from different brands of soda. Place sample in a spectrophotometer. Record and graph % transmittance at wavelengths from 400 to 760 millimicrons using 20 millimicron intervals.