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Products Produced by Fermentation

Table 1. Fermentations By Naturally-Occurring Organisms

Bacitracin Antiobiotic Bacillus subtilis (bacterium)
Chloramphenicol Antiobiotic Streptomyces venezuelae (bacterium)
Citric acid Food flavoring Aspergillus niger (fungus)
Erythromycin Antibiotic Streptomyces erythaeus (bacterium)
Invertase Candy Saccharomyces cerevisiae (fungi)
Lactase Digestive aid Escherichia coli (bacterium)
Neomycin Antibiotic Streptomyces fradiae (bacterium)
Pectinase Fruit juice Aspergillus niger (fungus)
Penicillin Antibiotic Penicillium notatum (fungus)
Riboflavin Vitamin Ashbya gossypii (fungus)
Streptomycin Antibiotic Streptomyces griseus (bacterium)
Subtilisins Laundry detergent Bacillus subtilis (bacterium)
Tetracycline Antibiotic Streptomyces aureofaciens (bacterium)

Table 2. Fermentations By Genetically Engineered Organisms

B. growth hormone Milk production(cows) Escherichia coli (E. coli)
Cellulase Cellulose E. coli
H. growth hormone Growth deficiencies E.coli
Human insulin DiabeticsE. coli
Monoclonal antibodies Therapeutics Mammalian cell culture
Ice-minus Prevents ice on plantsPseudomonas syringae
Sno-max Makes snow Pseudomonas syringae
t-PA Blood clots Mammalian cell culture
Tumor necrosis factor Dissolves tumor cells E.coli

t-PA=Tissue plasminogen activator

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