References and Resources

Foelix, R. F. 1982. The Biology of Spiders. Harvard University Press. (This is one of the few books about the basic biology of spiders. The bad news is that it is hard to find. The good news is that it is soon to be out in a new edition).

Levi, H. and L. Levi. 1987. Spiders and their kin. Golden Press. NY. Western Publ.Co. Racine, WI. (This golden guide is excellent and is used extensively by many arachnologists.)

Kaston, B.J. 1978. How to know the spiders. Wm C. Brown Co. 272 pp. (A very useful identification guide with a key to family, extensive drawings and a pictured glossary.)


Articles of interest:

Coddington, J.A. & H. W. Levi 1991. Systematics and the evolution of spiders (Araneae). Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 22: 265-292.

Craig, C.L. & G.D. Bernard. 1990. Insect attraction to ultraviolet-reflecting spider webs and web decorations. Ecology 71:616-623.

Jackson, R.R. 1992. Eight-legged tricksters. Bioscience 42: 590-598.

Lizotte, R.S. & J. S. Rovner. 1988. Nocturnal capture of fireflies by lycosid spiders: visual versus vibratory stimuli. Anim. Behav. 36: 1809-1815.

Robinson, M.H. 1982. Courtship and mating behavior in spiders. Ann. Rev. Entomol. 27:1-20.

Rovner, R.A., G. A. Higashi and R.F. Foelix. 1973. Maternal behavior in wolf spiders: the role of abdominal hairs. Science 182: 1153-1155.

Rovner, J.S. 1975. Sound production by nearctic wolf spiders: a substratum-coupled stridulatory mechanism. Science 190: 1309.

Rovner, J.S. and F. G. Barth. 1981. Vibratory communication through living plants by a tropical wandering spider. Science 214:464-466.

Shear, W.A. 1994. Untangling the evolution of the web. American Scientist 82: 256-266.

Shear, W.A., J.M. Palmer, J.A. Coddington, and P.M. Bonamo. 1989. A devonian spinneret: early evidence of spiders and silk use. Science 246: 479-481.

Sherman, P.M. 1994. The orb-web: an energetic and behavioural estimator of a spider's dynamic foraging and reproductive strategies. Anim. Behav. 48: 19-34.

Stratton, G.E & G.W. Uetz 1986. The inheritance of courtship behavior and its role as a reproductive isolating mechanism in two species of wolf spiders (Araneae: Lycosidae). Evol. 40:129-144.

Stratton, G.E. 1991 A new species of wolf spider, Schizocosa stridulans(Araneae, Lycosidae). J. Arachnol. 19:29-39.


Web sites of Interest

Arachnology home page
http://www.arachnology.be/Arachnology.html
-includes courses, education projects, conferences, myths, stories, poems and links to many other sites.

The Tree of life home page
http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/phylogeny.html
-a large and growing phylogeny project that includes many, many organisms. Visit the spider portion of the tree of life.

Spiders of the World
http://www.jasonproject.org/expeditions/jason6/spiders/index.html
-an interactive exercise, enlisting students