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December 2005

NHM Health Focus:

National Drunk & Drugged Driving (3D) Prevention Month

Drunk and Drugged Driving
Stop Impaired Driving (NHTSA, DOT)
DUI/DWI Laws (IIHS)
What is Drugged Driving? (NIDA, NIH)
Q&A: Alcohol— Deterrence & Enforcement (IIHS)
Q&A: Teenagers— Underage Drinking (IIHS)
Addressing Unhealthy Alcohol Use (HealthPolitics)
Epidemiology & Consequences of Drinking & Driving (NIAAA)

Drug Abuse
NIDA for Teens: The Science Behind Drug Abuse (NIDA)
My friend thinks I have a drinking and drug problem. What should I do? (Nemours)
Drugs, What You Should Know (Nemours)
Drug Abuse (MedlinePlus, NIH)

Alcohol and Alcoholism
Alcohol Consumption (MedlinePlus, NIH)
Interactive alcohol test (NetDoctor.co.uk)
Drink Too Much? (SUNY, Potsdam)
Alcohol's Damaging Effects on the Brain (NIAAA)
Alcohol and Youth (MedlinePlus, NIH)

Organizations and Government Agencies
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAD)
National Institute of Drug Abuse – (NIDA)
National Commission Against Drunk Driving (NCADD)
National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (CDC)
National Clearinghouse for Alcohol and Drug Information
Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD)
Al-Anon/Alateen
Alcoholics Anonymous
Leadership to Keep Children Alcohol Free
American Council for Drug Education
Partnership for a Drug Free America

"Since 1981, every President of the United States has demonstrated his commitment to preventing impaired driving by proclaiming December as National Drunk and Drugged Driving (3D) Prevention Month." (NHTSA)

"Despite the tireless efforts of thousands of advocates, impaired drivers continue to kill someone every 30 minutes, nearly 50 people a day, and almost 18,000 citizens a year. NHTSA and its partners are working together to put a stop to these deadly statistics. "(NHTSA)

"Traffic fatalities in alcohol-related crashes fell by 2.4 percent, from 17,105 in 2003 to 16,694 in 2004. The 16,694 alcohol-related fatalities in 2004 (39% of total traffic fatalities for the year) represent a 4-percent reduction from the 17,308 alcohol-related fatalities reported in 1994 (43% of the total)." NHTSA

Quick Facts About Drunk and Drugged Driving

  • An alcohol-related motor vehicle crash kills someone every 31 minutes and nonfatally injures someone every two minutes (NHTSA 2004). 
  • Drugs other than alcohol (e.g., marijuana and cocaine) are involved in about 18% of motor vehicle driver deaths. These other drugs are generally used in combination with alcohol (NHTSA 1993).
  • Each year, alcohol-related crashes in the United States cost about $51 billion (Blincoe et al. 2002).
  • Most drinking and driving episodes go undetected. In 2002, about 1.5 million drivers were arrested for driving under the influence of alcohol or narcotics (NHTSA 2004). That’s slightly more than one percent of the 120 million self-reported episodes of alcohol–impaired driving among U.S. adults each year (Dellinger et al. 1999).
  • To further decrease alcohol-related fatal crashes, communities need to implement and enforce strategies that are known to be effective, such as sobriety checkpoints, 0.08% BAC laws, minimum legal drinking age laws, and "zero tolerance" laws for young drivers (Shults et al. 2001, Shults et al. 2002). 

Access Excellence @ the National Health Museum has these additional resources related to handwashing and disease prevention.